Evergreen trees, such as pine, spruce, and fir, require little pruning. Slugs and snails in cooler climates will feed on young shoots consuming them entirely. Some of these may be affiliate links, meaning we earn a small commission if items are purchased. Well-drained soil is a must for growing Germander Sage. Leaves turn yellow, dry up and die. Hi, I'm Kevin. It is native to the Chihuahuan Desert, 7000ft high above sea level in the Sierra Madre mountain range in Mexico. Required fields are marked *. Prepare small pots with a mix of 50:50 ratio of compost and perlite or horticultural grit to aid drainage. Nematodes can be applied when soil temperatures and conditions are right. Being able to pick your own bouquet of flowers whenever you want is the best feeling ever. Fayetteville, PA. They thrive in damp locations so keep areas around plants free of debris that may provide shelter during the day. Perhaps flowering trees such as Camellias, Rhododendrons, Ribes and Magnolia present questions as to when to prune them. Deer avoid browsing shrubby germander. Large pots at least 3 gallons (10-20 liters) work best to get the most from the plant’s naturally spreading habit. Main Agastache…, Rosemary, beautiful in the garden, useful in the kitchen. The flowers, in colors ranging from deep pink to purple, are borne loosely atop wands of tiny, glossy, serrated leaves. That’s one pretty extreme environment, so how can this perennial salvia grow in our gardens? Invest in a good, sharp hand pruner or knife for harvesting. When ready, separate the cuttings and plant one rooted cutting per pot to be planted into the garden when they have established a little more. Salvia chamaedryoides is hardy down to USDA hardiness zones 8 and maybe 7 (5 to 15 ºF, -9 to -12ºC), if conditions are favorable. ‘Right plant, right place’, is the best way to describe how to troubleshoot this plant type. Evergreen, bush germander is extremely durable even when subjected to wind and salt spray. It prefers full sun and dry, well-drained soil. Cutting grown. These plants are often drought and salt tolerant, small in size and work well as low ground cover so perfect for hot California or windy UK coastal gardening. If you simply wish to balance the shape or reduce the size of your plant, do it at the end of summer, after flowering is over. Bush germander is a reliable foliage and flowering accent plant. Most species mound to about 6 to 10 inches, but spread much further. To maintain flowers over a longer period, deadhead any spent bloom regularly and trim back leggy flowering stems. Germander Teucrium X lucidrys formerly Teucrium chamaedrys Teucrium lucidum Fruity germander Teucrium cossonii var. And, most of the time it looks great; but you do need to decide if you want to use it in a carefree way where the flowers are enjoyed or in a more formal way where it is pruned often to maintain a tight hedge. Avoid spraying with pesticides as spider mites have built up a resistance to many products on the market. Remove infected foliage and relocate plants to full sun. In frost-free areas, prune the entire plant back by almost half after the last flowers in fall. Griselinia. Sage germander is grown as an ornamental plant and therefore does not benefit from regular harvesting like culinary herb garden sages. If this is the case, prune frequently. In warmer USDA hardiness zones like zone 9 or 10, the plant can be semi-evergreen, losing some leaves over winter. Teucrium Teucrium. A common view is that short stems left behind will provide some frost protection. It thrives in heat and in poor or rocky soils. Share your garden joys & woes! Epic Gardening occasionally links to goods or services offered by vendors to help you find the best products to care for plants. This fungal disease spreads by spores, covering leaves with a white growth resembling a dusting of flour that inhibits optimum photosynthesis. It’s also easily shaped into borders or low hedges or planted in rock gardens. Semi-ripe cuttings will benefit from some bottom heat to stimulate root development. No comments yet – be the first to share your thoughts! Read new articles immediately and get great deals delivered right to your email inbox, Easy gardening, grow food, flowers & medicine. Also,what is the best fertilizer to use and when to feed? Mature garden plants around 3-4 years old are perfect for dividing. Good Products For Growing Salvia Chamaedryoides: The botanical name for Germander Sage is Salvia chamaedryoides. It is popular in drought-resistant xeriscape gardens in California. The vivid blue flowers provide radiance to an otherwise arid landscape, the flower color blue a well-known magnet to native pollinating insects, especially butterflies and hummingbirds. Pruning Wall Germander Growers typically shear their small hedge of wall germander at least twice a year— once in late winter or early spring and a second time after flowering. If you simply wish to balance the shape or reduce the size of your plant, do it at the end of summer, after flowering is over. Pruning Instructions. In cooler regions where plants may be semi-evergreen or deciduous, lightly prune in early fall well before the first frost. Originating in Mexico, it was introduced to Europe in the 1800’s, finding its way back across the Atlantic to North America in the 1980’s. Q: What plants go well with Salvia chamaedryoides? Top Thyme facts Name – Thymus Family – Lamiaceae Type –…, Agastache is a plant that boasts many assets. This species is native to central Mexico’s arid climate zones … Continue reading "Germander sage" I love working outdoors with people and plants, so working freelance in community and therapeutic horticulture is a dream come true. Shrubby germander 'Azureum', Tree germander 'Azureum' Genus. Wall Germander. Salvia chamaedryoides has adapted to a full range of climate zones, making its home across Europe and North America, and especially California. Plants may also self-seed in the right conditions. Plant each section into pots or into their new homes in the garden and water in. 0. A: Gardening with germander sage will attract bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds to your garden throughout the flowering season, lured by their favorite blue bloom. Creeping germander is evergreen, but can easily be divided in early spring, just as it’s beginning to take off with new growth. Seeds can be collected from dried flower heads left on the plant. Although all germander species have aromatic foliage, used medicinally and for potpourri, the most famously spicey species (Teucrium chamaedrys) grows into an attractive one foot high by two foot wide mound. It’s easy to grow and will attract a multitude of butterflies, bees and hummingbirds to your garden. Type – shrub Tiny lavender-blue flowers, 1 in. 20 Sweet Potato Varieties You’ll Love To Grow, Germander sage, Mexican blue sage, blue oak sage, Aphids, spider mites, slugs, snails, powdery mildew. Stems can be dipped in rooting hormone if desired but this is not essential. It is more finicky than bush germander but should provide a year’s worth of garden satisfaction, at least, before its demise. Cut back the entire germander plant if it's overgrown or the stems appear leggy and weak after flowering. Soil – ordinary, well drained Evergreen Trees . Height – 3 to 5 feet (1 to 1.5 m) Good garden hygiene is essential to avoid this disease. Q: What beneficial species does germander sage attract? Similar to aphids, they feed on plant juices causing leaves to yellow and drop off. It is an evergreen, ornamental woody shrub or ground cover, with small rounded silver grey/green aromatic foliage half an inch in length. Gray green leaves, silvery white below back the rare color of deep blue flowers in the garden, a darker blue than other Germanders. Salvia chamaedryoides makes a great ground cover and although it spreads, its growth is not invasive. To maintain flowers over a longer period, deadhead any spent bloom regularly and trim back leggy flowering stems. You can also take softwood cuttings in spring/early summer or semi-ripe cuttings in late summer early fall. While you're here, why not follow us on Facebook and YouTube? Pinching the stems off can cause damage to the main plant. If you feel the plant is spreading too much, then fall is the perfect time for division. Native in Europe but naturalized in North … This article contains incorrect information, This article is missing information that I need. Tolerates poor, rocky soils, performs best in well-drained soils. Foliage – evergreen Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Salvia chamaedryoides, more commonly known as Germander sage, Mexican blue sage or blue oak sage, is a versatile ornamental shrub with the most vibrant, true blue flowers that will catch the eye of any gardener. Use beneficial insects such as ladybug larvae to treat biologically. Deadhead, or cut off faded flower heads, with sterilized shears throughout the spring and summer to encourage more blooms. Carefully dig around the plant and lever the plant out of the ground without damaging the root ball. Tolerant of pruning, germander is a favorite plant for knot gardens where it can be sculpted into serpentine shapes. New and Unread Tree-Mails. This plant should receive long hours of full sun but will tolerate some light shade. Insert the cuttings evenly spaced around the edge of the pots up to the leaves and firm in to ensure good contact with the compost. Also called Teucrium chamaedrys, wall germander is a broadleaf evergreen which … It grows in compact low mounds 12 to 18 inches tall and 3 to 4 feet wide, branching outwards from a spreading rootstock. Or, spray with a good organic insecticidal soap or neem oil. Salvia is the largest genus in the mint family, Lamiaceae, with almost 1000 different species of herbaceous annuals and perennials, woody herbs, ornamental shrubs or sub-shrubs. Germander can also be pruned easily, much like a Bonsai tree for the more creative gardener. It thrives in heat and poor, rocky sites. Spruce and fir trees possess side or lateral buds on their newest (outermost) growth. Remove and destroy the worst affected stems and entire plants if necessary, to prevent the spread to unaffected areas of the garden. If plant is growing larger than desired it can be pruned to any dimension or cut to within a few inches of ground level in the spring to maintain a compact growth habit. Botanical name. Both rosemary and germander can be used in roasting potatoes or to add flavor to meat dishes. I switched careers in 2010, leaving Public Affairs to study my long time passion, horticulture. If something goes wrong it’s almost guaranteed the plant is in the wrong location in the garden. Divide the plant making sure each section has adequate roots. When this happens it’s time to either go up in pot size or divide the plant into smaller sections. Chemicals can also kill natural predators such as lacewings and ladybugs. From seeds, sow outside directly into the soil after the last frost, or sow indoors in pots in early spring to be planted out later. Distinctive foliage is gray-green above with silvery white hairs beneath. Species. All are easily resolved by simply moving plants into full sun in well-drained soil or pots and only watering when the plant needs it. This plant grows well in pots. Teucrium fruticans (common name tree germander or shrubby germander) is a species of flowering plant in the mint family Lamiaceae, native to the western and central Mediterranean.Growing to 1 m (3 ft) tall by 4 m (13 ft) wide, it is a spreading evergreen shrub with arching velvety white shoots, glossy aromatic leaves and pale blue flowers in summer.. Rosemary is both a beautiful shrub and a formidable herb plant. It can cope with most usual climatic environments, but in case of long-lasting frost spells, it will need to be protected. Tree germander, Shrubby germander. Fast shrubby grower to 4 to 6 feet tall and wide. Like most salvias, this plant does not like its feet sitting in cold wet ground. A: Planted in mass, it makes a striking blue display of flowers in the garden. Aphids (Aphidoidea) attack the young new growth on plants, feeding on the phloem sap and in effect dehydrating the plant. With spider mites (Tetranychidae), the adults are reddish-brown, living in large colonies on the underside of leaves and thrive in hot, dry environments. Terracotta pots especially complement the striking color of the foliage and flowers. Other names. Sage germander is grown as an ornamental plant and therefore does not benefit from regular harvesting like culinary herb garden sages. This can cause multiple problems resulting in wilt and the plant dying. Botanical name. Other common names tree germander Family Lamiaceae Genus Teucrium can be herbaceous perennials, deciduous or evergreen shrubs or sub-shrubs, with paired, aromatic leaves and tubular, 1 … If you’re after a brighter hedge, Griselinia littoralis is a good choice, with rounded, apple … Native to Mediterranean climates, Tree Germander is extremely durable, tolerating drought, wind and salt spray. Germander is a semishrubby perennial grown for its attractive, fragrant foliage and flowers, which might be blue, pink, purple, or white depending on species. The pruning of this bush is clearly optional, only if you wish to give it a roundish shape. Germander sage spreads vigorously by underground stems. Full sun. It tolerates drought but requires occasional irrigation. Question by feldell March 15, 2000. Your email address will not be published. Gently shake off some of the soil to see where and how many divisions can be made. Evergreen. Small showy blue flowers with wide lips appear on terminal spikes, flowering from early summer until mid-fall in hotter climates and from late summer to early fall in more temperate zones. A little more about me. As with pots, location and soil are key, so grow in well-drained soil in full sun and you will receive an abundance of flowering inflorescence all summer long. I use either herb to scrub down the grill prior to cooking – depends on which needs pruning. It develops into a large evergreen shrub, 4-8 ft. high, spreading 8-10 ft. across. Soil should be moderately fertile, free-draining chalky, sandy, or loam with pH ranging from 6.1 (mildly acid) to 7.8 (mildly alkaline). Use clean secateurs to cut stems 5-8 inches in length and remove the lower 2-3 inches of leaves. I created Epic Gardening to help teach 10,000,000 people how to grow anything, no matter where they live in the world. Need advice? Once you get the conditions right, aftercare is pretty straightforward, just add a little water and a haircut when needed and enjoy. Exposure – full sun The resulting damage is distorted leaves and stems. Regular shearing will make for a fuller, more robust plant, which will look much more attractive in the garden. We're always looking to improve our articles to help you become an even better gardener. Below is a list of ways you can propagate new plants from germander sage in the garden. Even the pest and disease list is short. (It may have anti-microbial properties.) In ancient Greece, hunters would field dress their meat with germander, often found growing wild in the hills. Search for garden plants with silvery grey/green foliage. Short of space? Both leaves and stems have a silvery downy appearance and fuzzy texture. Variety or Cultivar 'Azureum' _ 'Azureum' is a small, bushy, evergreen shrub with arching shoots, aromatic, grey-green leaves with silver-white undersides and, in summer, whorls of dark blue flowers with prominent stamens borne on upright, terminal racemes. Bit of a tongue twister, so to help we’ve broken it down for you; SAL-vee-uh, kam-ay-dry-OY-deez. Teucrium Teucrium. Pruning. Peach tree pruning is used to remove any diseased or broken branches, water sprouts and suckers, as well as to open up the canopy of the tree to allow for better light and air penetration. Its appeal lies in its foliage, flowers and therapeutic properties. When growing Salvia chamaedryoides, think about where the plant comes from: a high altitude desert in its native Mexico. Water early in the morning or evening at the base of the plant using a watering can if in a pot, or with a soaker hose if watering multiple plants with the same environmental requirements. Repotting is best carried out in fall after flowering. Pruning tree germander The pruning of this bush is clearly optional, only if you wish to give it a roundish shape. A dwarf form, ‘Azureum,’ grows to 4-5 ft. but can be kept lower with pruning. across (2.5 cm), often buzzing with bees, bloom almost year-round at the branch tips. Teucrium fruticans 'Azureum' Other names. Flowering – February to August. ... Pruning Germander - Knowledgebase Question. Annual pruning is needed to ensure an attractive, tighter shape and prevent it from becoming too unkempt. Genus. If you find that your germander is creeping out of control, simply divide it as you would perennials in your garden. This will promote fuller growth the following spring and keep the plant looking tidy over winter. Your email address will not be published. To promote denser growth, cut shoots back to just above a lateral bud or side … You have several choices when pruning germander depending on how you plan to use it. A good organic snail and slug bait can also be useful! Evidence of spider mites on plants can be seen as a fine webbing between stems and plants rapidly showing signs of decline. We can try and replicate these conditions in our gardens by maintaining a strict low water regime of approximately 1 inch a month. When grown in pots, incorporate lots of horticultural grit or perlite to the compost to help with drainage. Owing to this motive, the plant is commonly a typical selection for formal gardens, often known as knot gardens, as it may be pruned into curvy shapes. Apply a balanced liquid fertilizer once a month in spring/summer and none at all over winter. Care Provide moist but well-drained soil in full sun; these plants are drought resistant. In its natural habitat, Salvia chamaedryoides survives exposure to extreme temperatures and long summer droughts. Just make sure you replicate its natural conditions with well-drained soil and located in full sun. Don’t be put off by its arid origins! A mulch of compost can be applied in late fall to protect roots from frost. Propagation Sow seed or divide plants in spring; take cuttings spring through fall. Water the cuttings and keep moist until roots have established and keep in dappled shade. Tree Germander ..of North America has slender spikes of purple to cream flowers on stems 90 cm (3 feet) tall. Huge Tree Germander One of the good properties of germander is that it’s tolerant of pruning. Colorful pale lavender flowers are heaviest in winter to early spring and intermittently throughout the year. Salvia chamaedryoides is typical of the genus. Aphids also carry a multitude of other plant diseases. As an Amazon Associate, I earn from qualifying purchases. Small gray leaves contrast nicely with colorful deep powder-blue flowers in late spring and fall, and intermittently during warm months. Herbs can be harvested throughout the growing season to be used fresh, dried, or frozen. It has been known to die right back to ground level after severe frosts and regrow from roots in spring, but this is not guaranteed. Divide plants in fall after flowering. Germander makes a more fragrant and showy alternative hedge shrub than Boxwoods, as it produces small pink flowers and its leaves have a garlic scent that will also make for a nice, aromatic wreath. In northern Europe, Salvia chamaedryoides is classified as deciduous and is hardy to USDA zone 8 or the Royal Horticultural Society (RHS) equivalent, H4. Plants can become root bound when growing Salvia chamaedryoides in a pot with its spreading growth spilling over the edges. Pruning is used to control the height and spread of a tree, allowing for easier harvesting. I love growing fruit and vegetables, but cut flowers is what gardening is all about for me. A sturdy little plant, Germander is easy to grow almost everywhere in the US. In frost-free areas, prune the entire plant back by almost half after the last flowers in fall. Of course, if your plant is looking stressed by prolonged periods of drought, then supplementary water is recommended. Late winter is the best time to remove unwanted lower branches on evergreen trees. Along the coast, plant tree germander because it stands strong in the wind and copes well with sea spray. Here is more about our approach. Here’s a great gardening tip if your home is by the coast or you live somewhere hot and arid like California! Name – Teucrium fruticans Overview of Rosemary facts Name – Rosmarinus officinalis Family…, Thyme is both a cute little perennial and a fabulous herb. Do not water in fall/winter if plants are irrigated naturally through seasonal rainfall. majoricum bush germander Teucrium fruticans and cat thyme Teucrium marum LAMIACEAE formerly labiatae features description habit rate of growth how to grow shrubs growing shrubs planting shrubs how to plant shrubs how to care for shrubs care soil needs of shrubs soil … Prune the stems back as needed in late winter or early spring before new growth appears. If this is the case, prune frequently. What’s not to like? I’m Irish, living and working in Belfast, Northern Ireland. Repeat in spring when new shoots appear from the base and the risk of frost has passed. In cold wet areas, plants will need winter protection of fleece or brought indoors if in pots. If you are growing it as a specimen plant in your herb garden, you can either shear off the flowers when it has finished blooming or you can shear off the flowers and prune the plants back within a few inches of the height that you want the plant to grow. After it’s done flowering, green germander may get a little leggy, and if so, just shear it back about an inch or so, to encourage new growth. In all these cases, as with Plum , the flowers appear before the leaves. It’s best not to prune more than 50% of the foliage at one time. Teucrium fruticans. Keep compost moist until seedlings have established a good root system and place somewhere with plenty of sun. I’ve been gardening all my life in one form or another, but my obsession for growing really kicked in when I got my first allotment. Dead, broken, and diseased branches can be removed at any time of year. Chamae comes from the Greek word chamai, meaning ‘dwarfness’ or ‘on the ground’ reflecting the low growth habit of this shrub. Common growing problems for these plants are usually due to overwatering, too much shade, or not enough drainage. Alternatively, use a flashlight and search and remove slugs and snails at night. Also, this sage works well against contrasting grey/green foliage plants such as spiky agaves and aloes, or in a more colorful border with other drought-tolerant flowering perennials such as achillea and desert marigold. Home » Salvia Chamaedryoides: How To Grow Germander Sage. Botanical name: Teucrium fruticans Common names: Shrubby germander, bush germander, tree germander Origin: Native to the sunny, dry regions of Southern Europe bordering the Mediterranean Sea Where it will grow: Hardy to 10 degrees Fahrenheit, or minus 12 degrees Celsius (USDA Zone 8; find your zone) Water requirement: Drought-tolerant once established but does best when watered every 14 … If you grow the plants individually (rather than in a hedge) and want the best flowering display, skip that first shearing because you may be removing some flower buds. Use a fungicidal spray such as sulfur, neem oil, or potassium bicarbonate prior to or at first sight of disease. Family – Lamiaceae Shrubby germander is a mounding to spreading shrub grown for its attractive gray-green foliage with silver-white undersides and for its fan-shape lavender-blue flowers borne at stem tips in summer and fall. ... Save Money & a Few Trees! T. fruticans - T. fruticans is a bushy, borderline hardy, evergreen shrub with arching, woolly stems bearing ovate to lance-shaped, aromatic, grey-green leaves, white-woolly beneath, and racemes of whorled, pale blue flowers in summer.. Powdery mildew in the garden affects plants, especially during hot, humid weather. I have a row of germander and need to know the correct time of year to prune. Tree germander is particularly well-suited to creating low hedges, and does very well in shrub beds or topiary. Germander sage is a low growing perennial to 2-3 ft. tall with a spreading root habit resulting in plants reaching 3-4 ft. wide and greater. Answer from NGA March 15, 2000. Can be clipped as a hedge or topiary. Germander is a low-growing evergreen perennial, which makes it an ideal hedge plant. Harvest and store in a cool, dry environment until spring.
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